Knee problems can arise in anyone belonging to any age group, that is from toddlers to old people. The causes may be due to injuries, aging, overuse of the knee, playing sports, and so on. Different types of knee injuries need a different type of treatment based on the causes, symptoms, and other factors.
If the situation worsens, the person may even have to consider knee replacement surgery. For minor injuries, self-care or medication may help along with some physical therapy. On the other hand, major injuries may need professional assistance and care to get treated.
To get a better idea when to consult a doctor, look for symptoms such as difficulty or inability to move the knee, marked swellings on the knee, fever along with pain, redness, and swelling on the knee, and unstable feeling when you try to move the knee.
What Are The Various Causes Of Knee Pain?
Some Common Injuries Include:
- Sprain (Ligament sprain)
- Medial collateral ligament
- Lateral collateral ligament
- Anterior cruciate ligament
- Posterior cruciate ligament
- Tear of meniscus
- Medial meniscus
- Lateral meniscus
- Strain (Muscle strain)
- Quadriceps muscles
- Hamstring muscles
- Popliteal muscle
- Patellar tendon
- Hamstring tendon
- Popliteal tendon
- Hemarthrosis – It develops over a relatively short period after injury. In other words, the injury may take from several minutes to a few hours to build.
- Tibial fracture
- Patella fracture
- Femoral fracture
Some of The Illnesses Of The Cause Of Knee Pain Include The Following:
- Knee osteoarthritis
- Chondromalacia patella
- Baker’s cyst
- Meniscal cyst
- Discoid meniscus
- Knee rheumatoid arthritis
- Osteochondritis dissecans disease
- Synovial chondromatosis disease
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Reactive arthritis
- Tuberculosis arthritis
- Septic arthritis (Pyogenic arthritis)
- Hemophilic arthritis
- Gout (Gouty arthritis)
- Bursitis of the knee – Prepatellar bursitis – Housemaid’s knee (most common)
- Infrapatellar bursitis – Clergyman’s knee
- Semimembranosus bursitis
- Patellar tendinitis (Jumper’s knee)
- Hamstring tendinitis
- Popliteal tendinitis
- Synovitis of the knee
Common Deformities Of The Knee Include:
Bipartite patella (two-part kneecap)
- Genu varum (bow legs)
- Genu valgum (knock-knees)
- Genu recurvatum (Knee hyperextension)
- Knee flexion deformity
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome
- Plica syndrome
- Iliotibial band syndrome
- Hoffa’s syndrome
- Patella dislocation
- Knee joint dislocation (Tibiofemoral joint dislocation)
- Knee pain due to less physical movement
Referred Knee Pain
- For example, knee pain can come from the foot, hip joints, ankle, or lumbar spine.
What Are The Treatment Options For Knee Pains?
Pain in the knee can be relieved by following physical therapy exercises: They diagnose, manage, and treat disorders and injuries of the musculoskeletal system including rehabilitation after orthopedic surgery.
Acute trauma such as sprains, strains, injuries such as tendinopathy, bursitis, and deformities like scoliosis. Orthopedic therapists are well-trained in the treatment of post-operative procedures, acute sports injuries, fractures, arthritis, strains, back, sprains, and neck pain, spinal conditions, and amputations.
- Pain-reducing drugs such as ibuprofen, knee replacement surgery,
- Weight loss in people who are overweight: This can be done by following a healthy diet and replacing all the carbs, high-calorie junk food with fresh fruits and vegetables.
- Knee replacement surgery is also commonly known as knee arthroplasty. It is an operation in which the weight-bearing surfaces of the knee joint are relieved to relieve pain and reduce disability. It is commonly performed in people with advanced osteoarthritis. Watch the knee replacement video to get a better idea of how the procedure and entire process takes place. Also, this helps the patient gain confidence and not be scared of the replacement surgery.
- Total knee replacement is an option that can be considered to correct significant knee joint or bone trauma in young patients. Further, it can be performed to correct mild valgus or varus deformity.