Sodium ethoxide, also commonly known as Sodium ethylate, is a type of non-toxic, alkoxide salt which is available in both powder form as well as in solution with ethanol.
The chemical formula of Sodium ethoxide is C2H5ONA.
Sodium Ethoxide Preparation:
Synthesis of Sodium ethoxide is done by chemically reacting sodium metal or sodium hydroxide with ethyl alcohol. This process helps to create Sodium ethoxide in a liquid form. The chemical reaction is as given below:
2 C2H5OH + 2 Na → 2 C2H5ONa + H2
When sodium hydroxide and anhydrous ethanol reach with each other, it gives Sodium ethoxide combined with water. The water can then be removed by using a drying agent, and that leaves us with Sodium ethoxide having greater purity. The chemical reaction is as below:
C2H5OH + NaOH ⇌ C2H5ONa + H2O
Sodium ethoxide, in its powdered or solid form, is yellow.
Sodium Ethoxide in Ethanol
The chemical reaction of sodium when added to ethanol produces hydrogen gas which forms bubbles and leaves a sodium ethoxide solution. It is a form of an alkoxide. Sodium ethoxide solution in ethanol is colorless. Further, Sodium ethoxide, when added to water, reacts to form ethanol or ethyl alcohol or.
Chemical Properties Of Sodium Ethoxide:
- Molar Mass: 68.05 g/mol
- Appearance: White or yellowish powder, hygroscopic
- Density: 0.868 /cm^3 (of a 21% weight solution in ethanol
- melting Point: 260 Degrees Celcius (500 Degree Fahrenheit, 533 Kelvin)
- solubility In Water: Reacts
- Solubility: Miscible with Ethanol and Methanol
- Acidity: 15.5
- Boiling Point: 91 degrees Celcius.
Safety Level Of The Chemical
Sodium Ethoxide is a strong base and hence is corrosive.
Sodium ethoxide MSDS- Material Safety Data Sheet
Sodium ethoxide is hazardous to human health and may cause severe dame if it comes in contact with the skin and eyes. Also, exposure of the skin to this chemical can give rise to inflammations and blisters. The chemical, when comes in contact with the eyes, may in some cases also lead to blindness.
Ingesting or inhaling this chemical compound might result in serious health problems like:
- Damage of the mucous membranes
- Irritation of respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts
- Lung damage
In worst cases, the consumption (accidental) may even cause the death of the person.
In case there is a contact of the chemical with the physical body, sufficient care should be taken to avoid any severe health troubles.
If the eyes come in contact with sodium ethoxide, they should be washed vigorously with clean water for several minutes. After that, it is recommended to consult a doctor to be on the safe side. The same process is to be followed in case of skin coming in contact with the chemical. Skin ointments should be used to soothe the skin from inflammations and chemical burns.
There are many Chemical contract manufacturing services that prepare this chemical. Inhaling this chemical fumes might cause severe breathing problems. The patient, in this case, should be immediately taken to a zone of fresh air and tight clothes if any should be loosened. Artificial respiration and oxygen might be necessary for getting back to normal breathing.